Dynamic Scene Graph Representation for Surgical Video

Felix Holm, Ghazal Ghazaei, Tobias Czempiel, Ege Özsoy, Stefan Saur, Nassir Navab; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops, 2023, pp. 81-87


Surgical videos captured from microscopic or endoscopic imaging devices are rich but complex sources of information, depicting different tools and anatomical structures utilized during an extended amount of time. Despite containing crucial workflow information and being commonly recorded in many procedures, usage of surgical videos for automated surgical workflow understanding is still limited. In this work, we exploit scene graphs as a more holistic, semantically meaningful and human-readable way to represent surgical videos while encoding all anatomical structures, tools, and their interactions. To properly evaluate the impact of our solutions, we create a scene graph dataset from semantic segmentations from the CaDIS and CATARACTS datasets. We demonstrate that scene graphs can be leveraged through the use of graph convolutional networks (GCNs) to tackle surgical downstream tasks such as surgical workflow recognition with competitive performance. Moreover, we demonstrate the benefits of surgical scene graphs regarding the explainability and robustness of model decisions, which are crucial in the clinical setting.

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[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Holm_2023_ICCV, author = {Holm, Felix and Ghazaei, Ghazal and Czempiel, Tobias and \"Ozsoy, Ege and Saur, Stefan and Navab, Nassir}, title = {Dynamic Scene Graph Representation for Surgical Video}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {81-87} }