Identity Unbiased Deception Detection by 2D-to-3D Face Reconstruction
Deception is a common phenomenon in society, both in our private and professional lives. However, humans are notoriously bad at accurate deception detection. Based on the literature, human accuracy of distinguishing between lies and truthful statements is 54% on average, in other words, it is slightly better than a random guess. While people do not much care about this issue, in high-stakes situations such as interrogations for series crimes and for evaluating the testimonies in court cases, accurate deception detection methods are highly desirable. To achieve a reliable, covert, and non-invasive deception detection, we propose a novel method that disentangles facial expression and head pose related features using 2D-to-3D face reconstruction technique from a video sequence and uses them to learn characteristics of deceptive behavior. We evaluate the proposed method on the Real-Life Trial (RLT) dataset that contains high-stakes deceits recorded in courtrooms. Our results show that the proposed method (with an accuracy of 68%) improves the state of the art. Besides, a new dataset has been collected, for the first time, for low-stake deceit detection. In addition, we compare high-stake deceit detection methods on the newly collected low-stake deceits.