X-Align: Cross-Modal Cross-View Alignment for Bird's-Eye-View Segmentation

Shubhankar Borse, Marvin Klingner, Varun Ravi Kumar, Hong Cai, Abdulaziz Almuzairee, Senthil Yogamani, Fatih Porikli; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2023, pp. 3287-3297


Bird's-eye-view (BEV) grid is a common representation for the perception of road components, e.g., drivable area, in autonomous driving. Most existing approaches rely on cameras only to perform segmentation in BEV space, which is fundamentally constrained by the absence of reliable depth information. Latest works leverage both camera and LiDAR modalities, but sub-optimally fuse their features using simple, concatenation-based mechanisms. In this paper, we address these problems by enhancing the alignment of the unimodal features in order to aid feature fusion, as well as enhancing the alignment between the cameras' perspective view (PV) and BEV representations. We propose X-Align, a novel end-to-end cross-modal and cross-view learning framework for BEV segmentation consisting of the following components: (i) a novel Cross-Modal Feature Alignment (X-FA) loss, (ii) an attention-based Cross-Modal Feature Fusion (X-FF) module to align multi-modal BEV features implicitly, and (iii) an auxiliary PV segmentation branch with Cross-View Segmentation Alignment (X-SA) losses to improve the PV-to-BEV transformation. We evaluate our proposed method across two commonly used benchmark datasets, i.e., nuScenes and KITTI-360. Notably, X-Align significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art by 3 absolute mIoU points on nuScenes. We also provide extensive ablation studies to demonstrate the effectiveness of the individual components.

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@InProceedings{Borse_2023_WACV, author = {Borse, Shubhankar and Klingner, Marvin and Kumar, Varun Ravi and Cai, Hong and Almuzairee, Abdulaziz and Yogamani, Senthil and Porikli, Fatih}, title = {X-Align: Cross-Modal Cross-View Alignment for Bird's-Eye-View Segmentation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2023}, pages = {3287-3297} }