FUSSL: Fuzzy Uncertain Self Supervised Learning

Salman Mohamadi, Gianfranco Doretto, Donald A. Adjeroh; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2023, pp. 2799-2808


Self supervised learning (SSL) has become a very successful technique to harness the power of unlabeled data, with no annotation effort. A number of developed approaches are evolving with the goal of outperforming supervised alternatives, which have been relatively successful. Similar to some other disciplines in deep representation learning, one main issue in SSL is robustness of the approaches under different settings. In this paper, for the first time, we recognize the fundamental limits of SSL coming from the use of a single-supervisory signal. To address this limitation, we leverage the power of uncertainty representation to devise a robust and general standard hierarchical learning/training protocol for any SSL baseline, regard- less of their assumptions and approaches. Essentially, using the information bottleneck principle, we decompose feature learning into a two-stage training procedure, each with a distinct supervision signal. This double supervision approach is captured in two key steps: 1) invariance enforcement to data augmentation, and 2) fuzzy pseudo labeling (both hard and soft annotation). This simple, yet, effective protocol which enables cross-class/cluster feature learning, is instantiated via an initial training of an ensemble of models through invariance enforcement to data augmentation as first training phase, and then assigning fuzzy labels to the original samples for the second training phase. We consider multiple alternative scenarios with double supervision and evaluate the effectiveness of our approach on recent baselines, covering four different SSL paradigms, including geometrical, contrastive, non-contrastive, and hard/soft whitening (redundancy reduction) baselines. We performed extensive experiments under multiple settings to show that the proposed training protocol consistently improves the performance of the former baselines, independent of their respective underlying principles.

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@InProceedings{Mohamadi_2023_WACV, author = {Mohamadi, Salman and Doretto, Gianfranco and Adjeroh, Donald A.}, title = {FUSSL: Fuzzy Uncertain Self Supervised Learning}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2023}, pages = {2799-2808} }