Defending Against Model Stealing Attacks With Adaptive Misinformation

Sanjay Kariyappa, Moinuddin K. Qureshi; The IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2020, pp. 770-778

Abstract


Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are susceptible to model stealing attacks, which allows a data-limited adversary with no knowledge of the training dataset to clone the functionality of a target model, just by using black-box query access. Such attacks are typically carried out by querying the target model using inputs that are synthetically generated or sampled from a surrogate dataset to construct a labeled dataset. The adversary can use this labeled dataset to train a clone model, which achieves a classification accuracy comparable to that of the target model. We propose "Adaptive Misinformation" to defend against such model stealing attacks. We identify that all existing model stealing attacks invariably query the target model with Out-Of-Distribution (OOD) inputs. By selectively sending incorrect predictions for OOD queries, our defense substantially degrades the accuracy of the attacker's clone model (by up to 40%), while minimally impacting the accuracy (<0.5%) for benign users. Compared to existing defenses, our defense has a significantly better security vs accuracy trade-off and incurs minimal computational overhead.

Related Material


[pdf] [supp]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Kariyappa_2020_CVPR,
author = {Kariyappa, Sanjay and Qureshi, Moinuddin K.},
title = {Defending Against Model Stealing Attacks With Adaptive Misinformation},
booktitle = {The IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2020}
}