Non-Local Recurrent Neural Memory for Supervised Sequence Modeling

Canmiao Fu, Wenjie Pei, Qiong Cao, Chaopeng Zhang, Yong Zhao, Xiaoyong Shen, Yu-Wing Tai; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 6311-6320


Typical methods for supervised sequence modeling are built upon the recurrent neural networks to capture temporal dependencies. One potential limitation of these methods is that they only model explicitly information interactions between adjacent time steps in a sequence, hence the high-order interactions between nonadjacent time steps are not fully exploited. It greatly limits the capability of modeling the long-range temporal dependencies since one-order interactions cannot be maintained for a long term due to information dilution and gradient vanishing. To tackle this limitation, we propose the Non-local Recurrent Neural Memory (NRNM) for supervised sequence modeling, which performs non-local operations to learn full-order interactions within a sliding temporal block and models the global interactions between blocks in a gated recurrent manner. Consequently, our model is able to capture the long-range dependencies. Besides, the latent high-level features contained in high-order interactions can be distilled by our model. We demonstrate the merits of our NRNM approach on two different tasks: action recognition and sentiment analysis.

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author = {Fu, Canmiao and Pei, Wenjie and Cao, Qiong and Zhang, Chaopeng and Zhao, Yong and Shen, Xiaoyong and Tai, Yu-Wing},
title = {Non-Local Recurrent Neural Memory for Supervised Sequence Modeling},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}