Implementing a Robust Explanatory Bias in a Person Re-Identification Network

Esube Bekele, Wallace E. Lawson, Zachary Horne, Sangeet Khemlani; Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2018, pp. 2165-2172


Deep learning improved attributes recognition significantly in recent years. However, many of these networks remain "black boxes" and providing a meaningful explanation of their decisions is a major challenge. When these networks misidentify a person, they should be able to explain this mistake. The ability to generate explanations compelling enough to serve as useful accounts of the system's operations at a very high human-level is still in its infancy. In this paper, we utilize person re-identification (re-ID) networks as a platform to generate explanations. We propose and implement a framework that can be used to explain person re-ID using soft-biometric attributes. In particular, the resulting framework embodies a cognitively validated explanatory bias: people prefer and produce explanations that concern inherent properties instead of extrinsic influences. This bias is pervasive in that it affects the fitness of explanations across a broad swath of contexts, particularly those that concern conflicting or anomalous observations. To explain person re-ID, we developed a multi-attribute residual network that treats a subset of its features as either inherent or extrinsic. Using these attributes, the system generates explanations based on inherent properties when the similarity of two input images is low, and it generates explanations based on extrinsic properties when the similarity is high. We argue that such a framework provides a blueprint for how to make the decisions of deep networks comprehensible to human operators. As an intermediate step, we demonstrate state-of-the-art attribute recognition performance on two pedestrian datasets (PETA and PA100K) and a face-based attribute dataset (CelebA). The VIPeR dataset is then used to generate explanations for re-ID with a network trained on PETA attributes.

Related Material

author = {Bekele, Esube and Lawson, Wallace E. and Horne, Zachary and Khemlani, Sangeet},
title = {Implementing a Robust Explanatory Bias in a Person Re-Identification Network},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops},
month = {June},
year = {2018}