Linearization to Nonlinear Learning for Visual Tracking

Bo Ma, Hongwei Hu, Jianbing Shen, Yuping Zhang, Fatih Porikli; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 4400-4407


Due to unavoidable appearance variations caused by occlusion, deformation, and other factors, classifiers for visual tracking are nonlinear as a necessity. Building on the theory of globally linear approximations to nonlinear functions, we introduce an elegant method that jointly learns a nonlinear classifier and a visual dictionary for tracking objects in a semi-supervised sparse coding fashion. This establishes an obvious distinction from conventional sparse coding based discriminative tracking algorithms that usually maintain two-stage learning strategies, i.e., learning a dictionary in an unsupervised way then followed by training a classifier. However, the treating dictionary learning and classifier training as separate stages may not produce both descriptive and discriminative models for objects. By contrast, our method is capable of constructing a dictionary that not only fully reflects the intrinsic manifold structure of the data, but also possesses discriminative power. This paper presents an optimization method to obtain such an optimal dictionary, associated sparse coding, and a classifier in an iterative process. Our experiments on a benchmark show our tracker attains outstanding performance compared with the state-of-the-art algorithms.

Related Material

author = {Ma, Bo and Hu, Hongwei and Shen, Jianbing and Zhang, Yuping and Porikli, Fatih},
title = {Linearization to Nonlinear Learning for Visual Tracking},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}