Image-Based Localization Using LSTMs for Structured Feature Correlation

Florian Walch, Caner Hazirbas, Laura Leal-Taixe, Torsten Sattler, Sebastian Hilsenbeck, Daniel Cremers; Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2017, pp. 627-637


In this work we propose a new CNN+LSTM architecture for camera pose regression for indoor and outdoor scenes. CNNs allow us to learn suitable feature representations for localization that are robust against motion blur and illumination changes. We make use of LSTM units on the CNN output, which play the role of a structured dimensionality reduction on the feature vector, leading to drastic improvements in localization performance. We provide extensive quantitative comparison of CNN-based and SIFT-based localization methods, showing the weaknesses and strengths of each. Furthermore, we present a new large-scale indoor dataset with accurate ground truth from a laser scanner. Experimental results on both indoor and outdoor public datasets show our method outperforms existing deep architectures, and can localize images in hard conditions, e.g., in the presence of mostly textureless surfaces, where classic SIFT-based methods fail.

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[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
author = {Walch, Florian and Hazirbas, Caner and Leal-Taixe, Laura and Sattler, Torsten and Hilsenbeck, Sebastian and Cremers, Daniel},
title = {Image-Based Localization Using LSTMs for Structured Feature Correlation},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {Oct},
year = {2017}