Centered Weight Normalization in Accelerating Training of Deep Neural Networks

Lei Huang, Xianglong Liu, Yang Liu, Bo Lang, Dacheng Tao; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2017, pp. 2803-2811

Abstract


Training deep neural networks is difficult for the pathological curvature problem. Re-parameterization is an effective way to relieve the problem by learning the curvature approximately or constraining the solutions of weights with good properties for optimization. This paper proposes to re-parameterize the input weight of each neuron in deep neural networks by normalizing it with zero-mean and unit-norm, followed by a learnable scalar parameter to adjust the norm of the weight. This technique effectively stabilizes the distribution implicitly. Besides, it improves the conditioning of the optimization problem and thus accelerates the training of deep neural networks. It can be wrapped as a linear module in practice and plugged in any architecture to replace the standard linear module. We highlight the benefits of our method on both multi-layer perceptrons and convolutional neural networks, and demonstrate its scalability and efficiency on SVHN, CIFAR-10, CIFAR-100 and ImageNet datasets.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Huang_2017_ICCV,
author = {Huang, Lei and Liu, Xianglong and Liu, Yang and Lang, Bo and Tao, Dacheng},
title = {Centered Weight Normalization in Accelerating Training of Deep Neural Networks},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {Oct},
year = {2017}
}