A Framework for Learning Ante-Hoc Explainable Models via Concepts

Anirban Sarkar, Deepak Vijaykeerthy, Anindya Sarkar, Vineeth N Balasubramanian; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 10286-10295


Self-explaining deep models are designed to learn the latent concept-based explanations implicitly during training, which eliminates the requirement of any post-hoc explanation generation technique. In this work, we propose one such model that appends an explanation generation module on top of any basic network and jointly trains the whole module that shows high predictive performance and generates meaningful explanations in terms of concepts. Our training strategy is suitable for unsupervised concept learning with much lesser parameter space requirements compared to baseline methods. Our proposed model also has provision for leveraging self-supervision on concepts to extract better explanations. However, with full concept supervision, we achieve the best predictive performance compared to recently proposed concept-based explainable models. We report both qualitative and quantitative results with our method, which shows better performance than recently proposed concept-based explainability methods. We reported exhaustive results with two datasets without ground truth concepts, i.e., CIFAR10, ImageNet, and two datasets with ground truth concepts, i.e., AwA2, CUB-200, to show the effectiveness of our method for both cases. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first ante-hoc explanation generation method to show results with a large-scale dataset such as ImageNet.

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@InProceedings{Sarkar_2022_CVPR, author = {Sarkar, Anirban and Vijaykeerthy, Deepak and Sarkar, Anindya and Balasubramanian, Vineeth N}, title = {A Framework for Learning Ante-Hoc Explainable Models via Concepts}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {10286-10295} }