Cross-Model Pseudo-Labeling for Semi-Supervised Action Recognition

Yinghao Xu, Fangyun Wei, Xiao Sun, Ceyuan Yang, Yujun Shen, Bo Dai, Bolei Zhou, Stephen Lin; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 2959-2968


Semi-supervised action recognition is a challenging but important task due to the high cost of data annotation. A common approach to this problem is to assign unlabeled data with pseudo-labels, which are then used as additional supervision in training. Typically in recent work, the pseudo-labels are obtained by training a model on the labeled data, and then using confident predictions from the model to teach itself.In this work, we propose a more effective pseudo-labeling scheme, called Cross-Model Pseudo-Labeling (CMPL). Concretely, we introduce a lightweight auxiliary network in addition to the primary backbone, and ask them to predict pseudo-labels for each other. We observe that, due to their different structural biases, these two models tend to learn complementary representations from the same video clips. Each model can thus benefit from its counterpart by utilizing cross-model predictions as supervision. Experiments on different data partition protocols demonstrate the significant improvement of our framework over existing alternatives. For example, CMPL achieves 7.6% and 25.1% Top-1 accuracy on Kinetics-400 and UCF-101 using only the RGB modality and 1% labeled data, outperforming our baseline model, FixMatch, by 9.0% and 10.3%, respectively.

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[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Xu_2022_CVPR, author = {Xu, Yinghao and Wei, Fangyun and Sun, Xiao and Yang, Ceyuan and Shen, Yujun and Dai, Bo and Zhou, Bolei and Lin, Stephen}, title = {Cross-Model Pseudo-Labeling for Semi-Supervised Action Recognition}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {2959-2968} }