Dreaming To Prune Image Deraining Networks

Weiqi Zou, Yang Wang, Xueyang Fu, Yang Cao; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 6023-6032


Convolutional image deraining networks have achieved great success while suffering from tremendous computational and memory costs. Most model compression methods require original data for iterative fine-tuning, which is limited in real-world applications due to storage, privacy, and transmission constraints. We note that it is overstretched to fine-tune the compressed model using self-collected data, as it exhibits poor generalization over images with different degradation characteristics. To address this problem, we propose a novel data-free compression framework for deraining networks. It is based on our observation that deep degradation representations can be clustered by degradation characteristics (types of rain) while independent of image content. Therefore, in our framework, we "dream" diverse in-distribution degraded images using a deep inversion paradigm, thus leveraging them to distill the pruned model. Specifically, we preserve the performance of the pruned model in a dual-branch way. In one branch, we invert the pre-trained model (teacher) to reconstruct the degraded inputs that resemble the original distribution and employ the orthogonal regularization for deep features to yield degradation diversity. In the other branch, the pruned model (student) is distilled to fit the teacher's original statistical modeling on these dreamed inputs. Further, an adaptive pruning scheme is proposed to determine the hierarchical sparsity, which alleviates the regression drift of the initial pruned model. Experiments on various deraining datasets demonstrate that our method can reduce about 40% FLOPs of the state-of-the-art models while maintaining comparable performance without original data.

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@InProceedings{Zou_2022_CVPR, author = {Zou, Weiqi and Wang, Yang and Fu, Xueyang and Cao, Yang}, title = {Dreaming To Prune Image Deraining Networks}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {6023-6032} }