- [pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
Tragedy Plus Time: Capturing Unintended Human Activities From Weakly-Labeled Videos
In videos that contain actions performed unintentionally, agents do not achieve their desired goals. In such videos, it is challenging for computer vision systems to understand high-level concepts such as goal-directed behavior, an ability present in humans from a very early age. Inculcating this ability in artificially intelligent agents would make them better social learners by allowing them to evaluate human action under a teleological lens. To validate this ability of deep learning models to perform this task, we curate the W-Oops dataset, built upon the Oops dataset. W-Oops consists of 2,100 unintentional human action videos, with 44 goal-directed and 30 unintentional video-level activity labels collected through human annotations. Due to the expensive segment annotation procedure, we propose a weakly supervised algorithm for localizing the goal-directed as well as unintentional temporal regions in the video leveraging solely video-level labels. In particular, we employ an attention mechanism based strategy that predicts the temporal regions which contributes the most to a classification task. Meanwhile, our designed overlap regularization allows the model to focus on distinct portions of the video for inferring the goal-directed and unintentional activity, while guaranteeing their temporal ordering. Extensive quantitative experiments verify the validity of our localization method. We further conduct a video captioning experiment which demonstrates that the proposed localization module does indeed assist teleological action understanding. Project website can be found at: https://asu-apg.github.io/TragedyPlusTime.