Infrared Adversarial Car Stickers

Xiaopei Zhu, Yuqiu Liu, Zhanhao Hu, Jianmin Li, Xiaolin Hu; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2024, pp. 24284-24293


Infrared physical adversarial examples are of great significance for studying the security of infrared AI systems that are widely used in our lives such as autonomous driving. Previous infrared physical attacks mainly focused on 2D infrared pedestrian detection which may not fully manifest its destructiveness to AI systems. In this work we propose a physical attack method against infrared detectors based on 3D modeling which is applied to a real car. The goal is to design a set of infrared adversarial stickers to make cars invisible to infrared detectors at various viewing angles distances and scenes. We build a 3D infrared car model with real infrared characteristics and propose an infrared adversarial pattern generation method based on 3D mesh shadow. We propose a 3D control points-based mesh smoothing algorithm and use a set of smoothness loss functions to enhance the smoothness of adversarial meshes and facilitate the sticker implementation. Besides We designed the aluminum stickers and conducted physical experiments on two real Mercedes-Benz A200L cars. Our adversarial stickers hid the cars from Faster RCNN an object detector at various viewing angles distances and scenes. The attack success rate (ASR) was 91.49% for real cars. In comparison the ASRs of random stickers and no sticker were only 6.21% and 0.66% respectively. In addition the ASRs of the designed stickers against six unseen object detectors such as YOLOv3 and Deformable DETR were between 73.35%-95.80% showing good transferability of the attack performance across detectors.

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@InProceedings{Zhu_2024_CVPR, author = {Zhu, Xiaopei and Liu, Yuqiu and Hu, Zhanhao and Li, Jianmin and Hu, Xiaolin}, title = {Infrared Adversarial Car Stickers}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2024}, pages = {24284-24293} }