GlueGen: Plug and Play Multi-modal Encoders for X-to-image Generation

Can Qin, Ning Yu, Chen Xing, Shu Zhang, Zeyuan Chen, Stefano Ermon, Yun Fu, Caiming Xiong, Ran Xu; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 23085-23096


Text-to-image (T2I) models based on diffusion processes have achieved remarkable success in controllable image generation using user-provided captions. However, the tight coupling between the current text encoder and image decoder in T2I models makes it challenging to replace or upgrade. Such changes often require massive fine-tuning or even training from scratch with the prohibitive expense. To address this problem, we propose GlueGen, which applies a newly proposed GlueNet model to align features from single-modal or multi-modal encoders with the latent space of an existing T2I model. The approach introduces a new training objective that leverages parallel corpora to align the representation spaces of different encoders. Empirical results show that GlueNet can be trained efficiently and enables various capabilities beyond previous state-of-the-art models: 1) multilingual language models such as XLM-Roberta can be aligned with existing T2I models, allowing for the generation of high-quality images from captions beyond English; 2) GlueNet can align multi-modal encoders such as AudioCLIP with the Stable Diffusion model, enabling sound-to-image generation; 3) it can also upgrade the current text encoder of the latent diffusion model for challenging case generation. By the alignment of various feature representations, the GlueNet allows for flexible and efficient integration of new functionality into existing T2I models and sheds light on X-to-image (X2I) generation.

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@InProceedings{Qin_2023_ICCV, author = {Qin, Can and Yu, Ning and Xing, Chen and Zhang, Shu and Chen, Zeyuan and Ermon, Stefano and Fu, Yun and Xiong, Caiming and Xu, Ran}, title = {GlueGen: Plug and Play Multi-modal Encoders for X-to-image Generation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {23085-23096} }