Unifying Margin-Based Softmax Losses in Face Recognition

Yang Zhang, Simao Herdade, Kapil Thadani, Eric Dodds, Jack Culpepper, Yueh-Ning Ku; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2023, pp. 3548-3557


In this work, we develop a theoretical and experimental framework to study the effect of margin penalties on angular softmax losses, which have led to state-of-the-art performance in face recognition. We also introduce a new multiplicative margin which performs comparably to previously proposed additive margins when the model is trained to convergence. A regime of the margin parameters can lead to degenerate minima, but these can be reliably avoided through the use of two regularization techniques that we propose. Our theory predicts the minimal angular distance between sample embeddings and the correct and wrong class prototype vectors learned during training, and it suggests a new method to identify optimal margin parameters without expensive tuning. Finally, we conduct a thorough ablation study of the margin parameters in our proposed framework, and we characterize the sensitivity of generalization to each parameter both theoretically and through experiments on standard face recognition benchmarks.

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@InProceedings{Zhang_2023_WACV, author = {Zhang, Yang and Herdade, Simao and Thadani, Kapil and Dodds, Eric and Culpepper, Jack and Ku, Yueh-Ning}, title = {Unifying Margin-Based Softmax Losses in Face Recognition}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2023}, pages = {3548-3557} }